Assam is the gateway of North East India. It lies astride the mighty Brahmaputra Valley. Assam is famous for its well kept Wildlife Parks, their Culture and Textiles. ‘Suwalkuchi’ in Assam is called the Manchester of the East for its Silk weaving practice for generations.
March to May/Oct to Dec
The state lies astride the mighty Brahmaputra River, whose lush 700 Kms valley is sandwiched between the Himalayan foothills of Arunachal Pradesh, in the North, and the hills and plateau of Meghalaya, in the south. Assam was known as ‘Kamarupa’ or ‘Pragjyotish’ in the period of the Epics. Human inhabitation of this area dates backs to about 2000 BC. The population of Assam comprises a fusion of Mongol-Aryan culture.
The Varman dynasty. Dates back from 400 AD to 13th century. The visit of Huien Tsang is said to have taken place during the 7th century at the time of Kumar Bhaskar Varman. The Ahoms ventured into Assam in about 1228 AD. By the 15th century the kingdoms of Ahom and Koch were established. The Ahom civilization flourished for more than six centuries. In the later part of the 18th century the Burmese invasion, invoked British intervention. Peace was restored by the treaty of Yandaboo in 1826.
The British then set out to organize the administration, transport and communication, constructed roads and Railways. The territories of Assam comprised the entire North East Region. The British aim was to exploit the natural resources. Extensive tea gardens with imported labour were set up and Forests and oil were exploited. The vast region now called Arunachal Pradesh was also controlled by the assam Government.
The Japanese invasion of India via Burma in the Second World War witnessed the development of Assam as a logistic base, for military operations, for the recapture of Burma by the British–Indian army.
After the Independence of India, Assam was subjected to several territorial adjustments. In 1948, The North East Frontier Agency was separated from Assam. In 1963 Nagaland was carved out. Followed by Meghalaya in 1972 and Mizoram in 1987.
Assam is the heart of North Eastern India. It has vast forests, miles of tea gardens, great rivers, wildlife, temples, flora, and a gentle and cultured people full of dance and music, who are adept at silk weaving and other crafts.
Guwahaty is he Assamese Capital City is the gateway to the Northeast. It sprawls on the Southern bank of the mighty Brahmaputra River, whose northern shore is invisible due to the vastness of the channel. It features an interesting bazaar, which is the main market of the North East States.
Main sights are the Kamakaya temple. A great view point, known for its power and enrichment.
Saulkuchi is a silk weaving centre famous for its golden coloured Muga silk. “Sualkuchi is endearingly referred to as the Manchester of the East. Situated on the northern banks of the Brahmaputra, it is famous for its centuries-old heritage of weaving.” Outlook Traveller.
Sualkuchi, village in Assam, where the entire population weaves magic with silk? “Silk-haven”, “Manchester of the East”, “Manchester of Assam”. Situated some 30 km from Guwahati in Assam, on the bank of the mighty river Brahmaputra, this picturesque village is a haven for silk fabrics ranging from the golden Muga to the ivory white ‘Pat’ and the light beige ‘Eri’ or ‘Endi’ silks. Out of which, Muga & Eri, also known as Ahimsa Silk are native only to Assam.
Originally, Sualkuchi was a ‘craft village, home to several cottage industries like handloom weaving, oil processing, pottery, gold making etc. But all of these, other than weaving have almost become extinct. The weaving industry of Sualkuchi remained confined to the Tanti community till the 1930s. Later on, people from other communities also took up silk weaving. Even some fishermen and Brahmin communities took to weaving as their main source of income as handloom was emerging as the most profitable source of income. The weaving industry of Sualkuchi received a major boost during the 2nd World War. Slowly, almost the entire village took up weaving.
Naokhel(Boat Race/rowing) of Sualkuchi at Brahmaputra River.The rowing competition has been held every year regularly as a popular festival on the day of the death anniversary of Sri Sri Sankardev.
Hajo is a unique pilgrimage centre, which is revered by Hindus, Muslims and Buddhist.
Wildlife Sanctuaries of Assam:
The state of Assam drained by mighty Brahmaputra, with an abundance wilderness has five National Parks & eight Wildlife sanctuaries and is home to two-third of the population of unique one horned Rhinos.
The World heritage Kaziranga National Park :
Kaziranga NP comprises 340 square Kilometer is located on the South bank of the Brahmaputra, 233 kms from Guwahati.
NE/WL-02 : 04 days Wildlife at Kaziranga National Park
Explore the world heritage Kaziranga National Park by jeep and on Elephant back. Close encounters with the Great Indian one horned Rhino, and wild Indian Elephants Swamp Deer, Asiatic Water buffalo, and a host of animals are assured.
Day 01: Guwahati – Kaziranga NP
Arrive Guwahati airport. Transfer by car from Guwahati to Kaziranga. Drive East through the wide a scenic Brahmaputra Valley ( Also called the Assam Vallkey), for 220 Kms in 4.30 hrs to Kaziranga National Park. Upon arrival, check in at Wild Life Resort.The World Heritage Kaziranga National Park has more than 70% of the world’s one-horned rhino population, 70% of the world population of the Eastern Swamp Deer and 75% of the world’s wild Asiatic water buffalo. It has a significant population of the Asian Elephant. Close encounters with the Great Indian one horned Rhino, and wild Indian Elephants Swamp Deer, Asiatic Water buffalo, and a host of animals are assured. The Park also has more than 450 species of birds, 18 of them are globally threatened species. The Bengal Florican is the main attraction.
Day 02: Kaziranga
Two wild life safaris by jeep in the outlying ranges of the park. Overnight at hotel / lodge.
Day 03: Kaziranga
Early morning Elephant safari followed by two wildlife safaris by jeep. Overnight at your wild Life Resort.
Day 04: Kaziranga- Guwahati
Transfer Kaziranga to Guwahati in time to board your departure flight. The driving time is 4.30 hrs.
Majauli is famous as the world’s largest river Island. But it is really more interesting for its 22 satras – Hindu Vaishnava monasteries, that are also centres for the arts. At the satras on Majauli, Lord Vishnu is worshipped through dance dramas re-enacting the stories of the Mahabharata, with music and poetry. To visit the monasteries and witness the satriyya dances, and explore the tribal villages, an overnight stay is required. Stay at community run tribal habitat offers a chance to peep into their culture and explore the shoreline of the island. Entry and exit from Majauli is via Jorhat and by ferry on Brahmaputra – an experience to remember.
NE/02 : 07 days Fascinating Majauli, Tea gardens and Wildlife
Featuring : Majauli Island Jhorat heritage tea bungalows, Kaziranga National park and Gibbon WLS
Explore the world heritage Kaziranga National Park by jeep and on Elephant back, Close encounters with the Great Indian one horned Rhino, and wild Indian Elephants Swamp Deer, Asiatic Water buffalo, and a host of animals are assured. Visit the Gibbon wild life sanctuary to see six different types of monkeys including the Hoolak Gibbon- the only Ape found in india. At Majauli, the World’s largest river island, experience a fascinating river crossing, See Mhishing, Deori, Chutias and Sonoalkachari tribals, and stay at a Mishing tribal abode hosted by the local community. Visit a Satra (Hindu Vaishnava monastery). Explore the shoreline in a country boat and watch glorious sunsets. At Jorhat, visit a tea garden and stay at a heritage tea bungalow.
Day 01: Arrive Jorhat by air from Kolkata and drive to a Tea Estate
Arrive Jorhat at mid day and drive to heritage tea bungalow for overnight.
Day 02: Jorhat – at a Tea Estate
Spend the day exploring tea garden and factory and nearby village. Overnight at Tea bungalow.
Day 03: Tea Estate- Nimati ghat- Majuli
Drive to Nimati Ghat in 45 minutes. Cross the mighty Brahmaputra River by ferry to Majauli Island (Kamlabari ghat) in 1.30 hrs.
Majauli is famous as the world’s largest river Island. But it is really more interesting, for its 22 satras – Hindu Vaishnava monastries that are also centres for the arts. At the satras, Lord Vishnu is worshipped through dance dramas re-enacting the stories of the Mahabharata, with music and poetry.
Explore the Island, Visit a Satra and tribal villages. Overnight stay at a community home run by the Mishing tribe – a unique property constructed exactly like a Mishing tribal house out of Bamboo and thatch; with modern toilets.
Day 04: Majauli exploration
Explore the island with a local guide. See locals engaged in riverine agriculture, fishing, weaving and pottery making Explore the shoreline in a country boat for water birds, and watch the breathtaking sunset on the great river. Overnight at Community home.
Day 05: Majuli Island– Nimati ghat
Drive to Kamlabari to take the ferry departing at 0830 hrs. Continue drive to your next destination.
Sibsagar is famous for its 18 th Century temples. This was the ancient capital of the Ahom Dynasty which ruled the Assam Valley for over 600 years. The town dedicated to Lord Shiva is strewn with ancient ruins. The artificially created Sibsagar tank, built in 1734, spreds over 257 Acres. It has on its periphery the 33 meters tall Shiv-Adol Temple, The Vishnudol temple, and the Devidol temple. Around the town you can visit Talat Ghar- the 18th century seven storied palace with three underground floors. The nearby oval shaped amphitheatre called the Rang Ghar. 13th century ruins are located at Charaideo.
Dibrugarh, similar to Jorhat, is also a centre of the heritage tea industry. The “Raj “ period tea gardens have some lovely Chang bungalows built on stilts , where you can stay. An added attraction is a visit to the Buddhist Tai-Phake Tribal Village, and Dibru Saikhowa National Park.
Guwahati, Jorhat and Dibrugarh are all connected by rail, road and airways. Several trekking options ranging from 2 to 7 days
NE/DS-04: Debru Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve:
Day 01-02: Dibru Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve;
Two full days of wildlife viewing. Each day we will drive 10 kms from Tinsukhia to the entry point to Dibru-Saikhowa. for wild life viewing by boat and on foot. We will be exploring grasslands, swamps and forest habitat. Each day return to Tinsukhia for overnight at your hotel.
Day 03: Tinsukhia- Dibrugarh for departure: Transfer from Tinsukhia to Dibrugarh airport for boarding your departure flight to Delhi, Guwahati or Kolkata.